Psychosomatic disorders, or Why is it helpful to cry?

In a nutshell about psychosomatics

To be more precise, psychosomatics derives from psychology and medicine, is their direction and is studying the relationship of the psychological and physical state of a person.

It is based on the assertion that some psychological factors and personal prerequisites lead to the appearance of bodily ailments, which in this case are called psychosomatic disorders. The main difficulty is that it is sometimes quite difficult to distinguish between ordinary physical ailment or illness from a disorder caused (roughly speaking) by psychosomatics.

If the latter is taken as a typical disease (for example, of a viral nature) and is treated with medication, there is a great risk of ill health. Indeed, in most cases, pharmacological methods are useless against psychosomatic disorders. Because the causes of such health disorders lie much deeper than the obvious "encounter" with a virus, bacteria, etc.

The origins and perspectives of psychosomatics

Unfortunately, scientific progress did not go to the benefit of this area of ​​science. The accessibility and “omniscience” of the World Wide Web led to the fact that psychosomatics and psychosomatic disorders endlessly and not always correctly “wash the bones”. More than 20 million sources (this is only in one search engine) are provided for those who want to learn more about psychosomatics To a greater regret, the information in them in most cases (passing “from hand to hand”) is altered, distorted.

Such a frivolous attitude to psychosomatics and amateur attempts at self-treatment are fraught with serious consequences. A person will hardly decide for himself, for example, to cut appendicitis, but at the same time with ease (after reading several of those 20 million sources) he hurries to himself, and even to others, to make psychosomatic diagnoses.

It's a shame for psychosomatics, when it is placed in the same rank with astrology and horoscopes, while it is a scientific direction of medical and psychological science and deserves the same serious attitude as therapy or psychoanalysis. Of course, this industry is complex, there are no clear answers. Practically all researchers of the relationship between the soul (psyche) and the body (soma) faced this problem.

The first who spoke directly about the relationship of mental premises and physical manifestations were the German psychiatrists I. Heinroth (1818) and M. Jacobi (1822). In the 50s of the twentieth century, such well-known psychoanalysts like Sondi, Adler, Freud even had a hand in the study of psychosomatics.

Modern psychosomatics, as an interdisciplinary scientific discipline, has several approaches:

  1. Psychoanalytic, which takes the basis of intrapersonal conflict, considered the main cause of psychosomatic disorders.
  2. Proponents of the cognitive approach describe the physical ailments as a violation of cognitive processes and, as a result, inhibition of the process of personality development.
  3. The behavioral approach suggests that certain behavioral strategies, primarily avoidance, lead to somatic diseases.
  4. The humanistic approach considers crises and the impossibility of self-expression of a person to be the root of psychological problems.

Light Psychosomatics Course

In the framework of the mentioned approaches, the complex mechanisms of the launch of psychosomatic disorders and various reasons leading to certain psychosomatic manifestations are described in different ways. It is difficult for an uninitiated person without an appropriate education to understand this “confusion”. Therefore, in recent years, a more systematic and simplified approach to psychosomatics has gained popularity.

This is, first of all, a kind of summary tables of the relationship of specific diseases with probable mental causes. It is difficult to say how justified these supposed relationships are and whether they are empirically confirmed (in studies).

But returning to the original question of why crying is useful: many of these tables describe unclaimed tears, unspoken resentment and other hidden emotions as the causes of many (if not all) psychosomatic disorders. Therefore, the conclusion is: crying is useful!

Watch the video: Emotion, Stress, and Health: Crash Course Psychology #26 (December 2019).


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